Cervical LEEP (Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure) is a procedure used to treat cervical dysplasia. Dysplasia is a precancerous change in the cells of the cervix. These abnormal cells are identified by a pap smear. Women with abnormal pap smears may be encouraged to have a colposcopy and depending on those results, a LEEP. A LEEP removes the abnormal area of dysplasia from the cervix.
To perform a LEEP procedure, a speculum is placed in the vagina just like for a Pap smear. After the speculum is placed, a wire loop is hooked to a machine that creates an electrical current to remove the area of the cervix that is abnormal. Women can either be awake or asleep during the procedure. If a woman chooses to be awake, the doctor will put some numbing medicine into the cervix. If a woman chooses to be asleep during the procedure, she would have anesthesia though an IV. The entire procedure typically takes about 10-15 minutes to perform.